Atomic radius across period 3
After studying this page, you should be able to:
- describe and explain the trend in atomic radius across period 3.
|Element||Symbol||Atomic number||Atomic radius /nm|
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Going across period 3:
- the number of protons in the nucleus increases, so …
- the nuclear charge increases …
- there are more electrons, but the increase in shielding is negligible because each extra electrons enters the same shell …
- therefore the force of attraction between the nucleus and the electrons increases …
- and the atomic radius decreases.
You might expect the atomic radius to increase because the number of electrons in each atom increases going across period 3. However, this does not happen: the number of protons also increases and there is relatively little extra shielding from electrons in the same shell.